The area of farming is shrinking due to increasing urbanization, while on the other hand, climate change also poses challenges in crop production. Hydroponic farming can become a useful option for farmers to overcome these challenges and better yield of crops.
What is Hydroponic farming?
Hydroponic farming is a modern technique, in which plants without soil are grown in controlled climates. In this method, instead of soil, plants are cultivated only between water or sand or pebbles. Hydroponic farming is carried out under controlled conditions at temperatures between 15 and 30 ° C in about 80 to 85 percent humidity.
How to do Hydroponic farming?
The hydroponic method uses a special solution containing nutrients and minerals necessary to provide nutrition to the plants. In this solution, elements like phosphorus, nitrogen, magnesium, calcium, potash, zinc, sulfur and iron are added in special proportions. After a certain interval, a specified amount of this solution is used to nourish the plants.
The advantage of this system is that hydroponic farming can be done even in small plots or confined spaces. The hydroponic system is not affected by weather, animals and any other type of external biological or abiotic factors. The economical use of water in hydroponic farming increases its usefulness.
The initial cost to install the hydroponics system is high, but in the future, it may provide better benefits to farmers.